Study Hall
Sponsored by
Audio Technica

Back Of The Napkin: Upgrading A Sound System With A Simple Sketch

All the processing is the icing on the cake and is only applied after we have accomplished the much simpler task of loudspeaker placement.

By Michael Lawrence March 12, 2019

Many problems with house of worship sound have nothing to do with the mix, but how the sound system covers the listeners. Maybe it’s too loud in the front, or too quiet in the back, or maybe both. Maybe there are “good seats” and “bad seats” for being able to understand what’s being said.

These are system issues, not mix issues. Researching sound system optimization techniques quickly leads down a rabbit hole of FIR, FFT, and DSP. People end up discouraged and confused, and no improvements are made.

As a professional sound system tech, I fully acknowledge the complexities and nuances of system optimization. It can involve decoding cryptic lines displayed by an expensive analyzer, or tweaking delay times within fractions of a millisecond, and it’s fair to see how this can seem a bit like black magic.

Of course, that level of detail is often required, but the simple fact is that most optimization problems I’ve seen in houses of worship can be solved simply by pointing the loudspeakers in the right direction. All the processing is the icing on the cake and is only applied after we have accomplished the much simpler task of loudspeaker placement.

Huge improvements can often be made simply by adjusting the loudspeakers a church already has, with no need to upgrade or buy anything new. Let’s learn how.

Simple Documentation

The goal here is simple: put the sound where the people are. That’s it! The strategy is division of labor. We know where the listeners are going to be, and we’re going to give each loudspeaker its own area to cover.

Start by sketching out a floorplan of the sanctuary. It doesn’t need to be accurate to the inch or perfectly to scale. You also don’t need any fancy software – it can be done on the back of a napkin. Figure 1A shows a layout that I’ve found to be common for smaller houses of worship.

Make two copies of the sketch. On one, add the current loudspeaker positions along with arrows to indicate their current aim. Figure 1B shows a pair of left-right main loudspeakers mounted high on the wall along with two smaller fill loudspeakers positioned on the edge of the front platform. This is the “before” layout.

On the other copy of the diagram, make the “after.” To begin, divide the audience area into logical portions that will be assigned to individual loudspeakers. Don’t overthink this – imagine the loudspeakers are spotlights and you want to light up the crowd.

Each loudspeaker should be aimed through the center of its designated coverage area. There will always be areas of over- and under-coverage, but aiming through the center “splits the difference,” giving the most even result. It will become clear at this point if your church has enough loudspeaker positions to properly cover the congregation, and if not, the sketch should be helpful in demonstrating to leadership where the gaps reside.

Figure 1C shows how the existing wall-mounted loudspeakers have been splayed outward to cover the side seating. The pair of center fills are now each covering half of the center seating area. We’re halfway there. Notice that the center fills are no longer located on the platform. To understand why, let’s look at the final pieces of the puzzle: vertical position and aim.

Read the rest of this post


About Michael

Michael Lawrence
Michael Lawrence

Michael Lawrence is an independent FOH engineer and system tech. He is also the technical editor of various pro audio publications. Send him your thoughts at [email protected]

Tagged with:

Subscribe to Live Sound International

Subscribe to Live Sound International magazine. Stay up-to-date, get the latest pro audio news, products and resources each month with Live Sound.