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Church Sound: Getting Guitar Amps On Stage Under Control

Working in tandem with the musician and pursuing the right techniques

By Chris Huff July 11, 2018

Image courtesy of dmaland0
This article is provided by Behind The Mixer.

Guitar amps, on the stage, can be a burden for the sound tech. They can be too loud and even blast out the people who are in front of the guitar’s amplifier. You can take control of these stage amps and still meet the needs of the musician.

Getting a handle on stage amps isn’t too hard as long as you keep a few things in mind:

1) Musicians want a specific tone coming from their instruments.

2) Musicians use their own amps for self-monitoring.

3) You can gain enough control over stage amps that get the musicians their tone, meets their self-monitoring needs, and gives you the right amount of volume control.

Respect The Tone

The tone of the instrument is picked to meet the needs of the song or the preferred sound. An electric guitar patched through the sound system won’t have the same sound as if it was run through their amp.

Guitar amplifiers have tone controls and even the make and model of amp has its own tonal characteristics. This isn’t to say guitarists should always use amps on the stage.  They can get a lot of tonal controls through pedals and pedal-boards. My point is you need to respect their decision on the importance of tone.

Self-Monitoring

Guitarists who know what they’re doing will have some sort of amp stand or other means of pointing their amp up at their head. This is what you want. If they don’t, you’ve got a bit of work to do because, in those cases, the amp is usually pointed at their knees.

Last I checked, my knees didn’t have the ability to hear sound. Pointing the amp at their head also means less volume is required.

Talk with the musician about angling the amp towards their head. If they question this idea, ask them to play while you point the amplifier at their head. They should be on your side in no time.

The proper amplifier angle can be achieved using a commercial amplifier stand or, if you need to get a little creative, one can find free blueprints on the internet for building a cheap custom amp stand. Once the amp stand is in place and pointed properly at the guitarist, have the musician set the amp tone so it’s how they want it.

Note the tone of the amp sounds differently when you are in front of it versus to the side. In the case of musicians who have been using the wrong setup, they will need to change their tone settings because now, for the first time, they are on-axis with the amp’s speaker(s).

Volume Control

Using the proper self-monitoring setup as described above, the musician doesn’t need the same level of volume. This means you get volume control. It’s time to grab a microphone.

Follow these instructions for setting up a microphone:

1) Using an instrument microphone, attach it to a small microphone stand and put the head of the microphone about 2 inches from one of the amp’s speaker cones. If you’ve got a Shure SM57, that’s a good one for this type of application.

Note that some amps have more than one speaker, so pick one.

2) Next, set the microphone so it’s pointing at the outer edge of the speaker cone. Listen to how it sounds in the house speakers. Now move the microphone to the near center of the amp speaker and listen in the house speakers. Note the difference between the two sounds. The farther away from the center of the speaker, the less treble you will hear in the amp.

Experiment with several locations on the amplifier’s speaker until you find the spot you like.

3) Once the amplifier is set up and the microphone is in place, you need to find a volume level on the amplifier that’s loud enough as a monitor but doesn’t blow away everyone on the stage. This might take some trial and error and a little assertive pushing on your part if the musician is used to using their amp as the main volume source.

Let them know their only concern is the volume for self-monitoring and that you’ll take care of the house volume.

The Take Away

Proper on-stage amp usage is about directionality, proper microphone placement, and on-stage volume control.  Respect the musician’s views on amplifier tone and their needs for self-monitoring.

A common question I get via e-mail concerns controlling guitar amps on the stage. You can do it. It just takes a bit of time and the willingness to talk with the guitarist.


About Chris

Chris Huff
Chris Huff

Writer/Teacher/Author, BehindTheMixer.com
 
Chris Huff is a long-time practitioner of church sound and writes at Behind The Mixer, covering topics ranging from audio fundamentals to dealing with musicians – and everything in between.

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Jeff Klein says

I believe you mis-typed your comment, "The farther away from the center of the speaker, the more treble you will hear in the amp". I find the opposite to be true.

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