Loudspeakers
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Real World Gear: The Latest In Loudspeaker Drivers

Power amplifier advances have driven driver manufacturers to develop transducers with ever greater power handling - a look at design principles and technologies

By Mark Frink December 21, 2009

The Worx Audio TL1801SS woofer and RCF ND850 1.4 compression drivers are two of close to a dozen new models profiled in Real World Gear. Tour our PSW Gallery Tour of all models, and also check out this related article on key cone driver principles and specifications.

Once upon a time, most sound companies had a wood shop for building loudspeakers as well as road cases.

These days, superior off-the-shelf loudspeakers employ high tech transducers. Indeed, some of the most advanced drivers are not for sale to the general public outside of the products that enclose them.

Adamson Systems, JBL Professional and Meyer Sound have developed proprietary transducer technology that can only be owned though purchase of their loudspeaker systems, but we won’t be covering those products.

The products in this feature are both available to the end user, and found in manufactured systems.  It’s still possible for those with the time, tools and skills to take on the relatively straightforward task of building their own subwoofers or two-way enclosures.

The most widely seen floor monitor on television is ATK AudioTek’s gray carpet-covered single-12 M2 wedge, designed by ATK’s Scott Harmala.

Let’s Get Small
Half a century ago, Australians Neville Thiele and Richard Small pioneered the electromechanical parameters that define the low-frequency performance of woofers.

Several manufacturers provide loudspeaker plans or cabinet design software, taking the guesswork out of making custom enclosures.

Free Air Resonance (Fs) is the frequency at which the weight of the woofer’s moving parts equals the force of the speaker suspension when in motion. Below this frequency, the driver is less efficient and uncontrolled motion can result in mechanical damage.

Sensitivity, generally quoted as the sound in decibels (dB) produced by one watt of power at one meter, shows how much output is created by a given signal.

A driver with 3 dB less sensitivity requires twice the power to produce the same output. A woofer with 96 dB sensitivity and 500 watts power handling will get as loud as a 1,000-watt driver with 93 dB sensitivity using twice the power.


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About Mark

Mark Frink
Mark Frink

Independent Sound Engineer
     
Mark Frink is an independent engineer who has mixed monitors for a few singers. He is engineer and Host at the AES Convention Live Sound Expo.

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Kevin Slater says

Would you know where I could purchase a McCauley 6174 18” woofer?

Thanks,

Kevin

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